KETIKS.COM – When Nazi Germany began to take over, Adolf Hitler began a massive military expansion. One of them is the Kriegsmarine. Dubbed Plan Z, Hitler planned to strengthen the Kriegsmarine by building 230 warships of various types, one of which was the KMS Bismarck. (Shinehire)
KMS Bismarck is the largest battleship-type warship owned by Germany during World War 2. The warship is named after Otto von Bismarck, a conservative figure who united Germany. The battleship, which was built by the Blohm und Voß company in Hamburg, is one of two Bismarck-class warships built by the Kriegsmarine.
The battleship weighs 41,700 tons, is 251 meters long and 36 meters wide. In addition, the warship has 4 main turrets, which are uniquely named Anton, Bruno, Caesar, and Dora. Each turret has two 15-inch SK C/34 cannons. The ship is powered by 12 Wagner Superheated Boilers producing 148,116 horsepower. Which makes it capable of traveling at a maximum speed of 30 knots or 55.58 km/hour.
KMS Bismarck’s first operation was Operation Rheinübung. Where the battleship and a heavy cruiser named KMS Prinz Eugen are assigned to destroy the Allies fleet headed for England. In this operation, Bismarck and Prinz Eugen sank HMS Hood and inflicted damage on HMS Prince of Wales. News of the sinking of HMS Hood made the British mobilize all warships to pursue Bismarck.
KMS Bismarck was sailing alone when it was attacked by 15 Swordfish aircraft from HMS Ark Royal. The attack damaged the rudder, making it impossible to maneuver. And on 27 May, Bismarck fought HMS King George V, HMS Rodney, HMS Norfolk and HMS Dorsetshire, all at once. After approximately 2 to 3 hours, Bismarck finally sank, with only 114 of the 2,200 crew surviving.